Samos, the largest island in the Eastern Aegean and the closest to the shores of Asia Minor, has played a significant role as a cultural and commercial center since ancient times. It was also the homeland of many great philosophers, such as Pythagoras, Aristarchus, and Epicurus. The enduring intellectual aura of the island is reflected in its archaeological treasures, which have been recognized by UNESCO as World Cultural Heritage Sites.


History of Samos

In Samos, we seek the traces of the first human settlement, which can be found on the hill of Kastro in Pythagoreio. The name Samos likely originates from the ancient Phoenician language, meaning "high place." During the Persian Wars, it was conquered by the Persians but later regained its freedom. In the 4th century, it came under Byzantine rule.

In 1821, the Samians revolted and successfully liberated the island from Turkish rule. From 1851 onwards, the foundations for a more substantial autonomy for Samos were established. In the last quarter of the 19th century, Samos experienced significant economic and cultural development.

On November 11, 1912, it united with Greece following a revolution led by Themistoklis Sofoulis. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, the Samians had close ties with Asia Minor. After the Asia Minor Catastrophe, many refugees settled on the island, contributing to the formation of its society during the interwar period. In 1941, Samos was occupied by Italian forces. From the 1960s, the island's tourist development began, progressing rapidly to this day. In 1987, the Department of Mathematics of the University of the Aegean was founded in Karlovasi.

Beaches in Samos

  • Psili Ammos or Chryssi Ammos: It is a large sandy beach located in the Marathokampos area, with shallow transparent waters and a beautiful view of the pine-covered mountain behind it. At one end, there are cliffs that give the feeling of a private beach with emerald waters. It is ideal for playing in the sand and families with children who have purchased a ticket to Samos.
  • Kerveli: A stunning cove with a beach of fine pebbles and calm shallow waters in an emerald color, surrounded by pine-covered hills. The beach is not organized but has a tavern that provides snacks and food. It is a paradise for those seeking tranquility and relaxation, perfect for families with children who choose a ticket to Samos. In the area, there is a certified diving center that offers equipment rental and diving excursions.
  • Potami: One of the most popular and beautiful beaches on the island, consisting of two small coves separated by a narrow strip of land that stretches into the sea, forming the shape of the number 3. It is pebbly with deep and refreshing cyan-colored waters, and when the north wind blows, it has high waves. A section of the beach is organized with sunbeds, umbrellas, and a beach bar. It is worth combining a refreshing swim here and then following the path to the waterfalls of Samos.
  • Megalos Seitani: A large sandy beach with turquoise waters and a backdrop of a pine forest with trees reaching the sand. It is considered the most beautiful beach on the island, although access requires a one-and-a-half-hour hike through a path from Potami. However, the journey is enchanting, showcasing nature and changing landscapes. Alternatively, you can approach it by boat from Karlovasi.
  • Tsamadou: An impressive beach with large pebbles, crystal-clear blue waters (which deepen abruptly), and pine trees hanging over the sea. Access requires a descent through a beautiful pine-covered path. The beach is organized with sunbeds, umbrellas, taverns, and a beach bar. In the past, it was renowned as a nudist beach. Today, there are a few enthusiasts of that particular lifestyle at one end. When northern winds blow, it generates high waves.

Food in Samos

Try the famous sweet wine of Samos, produced in the vineyards of Mount Ampelos from the local Muscat Blanc variety. At the same time, enjoy the local cheeses, such as Myzithra, Anthotyro, and Armogala. Visit Samos and taste the rare chamades, fresh olives with their characteristic sweet flavor. Indulge in Samian bourekia, made from fried or baked phyllo pastry, filled with yellow pumpkin, feta cheese, cinnamon, and sugar. Savor the boxadakia, small rolls of veal wrapped in fried eggplant. Finally, try the "giouvetsi" prawns, sautéed with green or red peppers and baked with spaghetti in a casserole dish.

Sights in Samos

Discover the mysterious pathways of Ano Vatheos, the old amphitheatrical neighborhood of the capital, with its narrow alleyways, terracotta rooftops, and moon-shaped windows, as well as the elaborate carved wooden doorways. Enjoy a day trip by boat (from Pythagoreio) to Samiopoula and its exotic beaches. Visit a traditional pottery workshop in the villages of Manolates, Mavratoioi, and Koumaradaioi to acquire unique handmade ceramics. From the "smart" cup of Pythagoras to intricate ceramic whistles, you will find many impressive pieces.